Iaido

pronounced ee-eye-do
I=being AI=harmony DO=way
"The way of harmonizing oneself in action".

Domo arigato gozaimashita - Thank you very much (said at the end of class to each other)
Dozo - Please go ahead
Sumimasen - Execuse me
Hajime - Start
Yame/Owari - Stop
Hai - Yes

Ranks and Titles

Soke - Head Master of a style
Sensei - Instructor/Teacher
Sempai - Senior student (everyone who has started iaido before you)
Kohai - Junior student (everyone who has started iaido after you)
Dan - Degree (Black belt), from 1 to 10
shodan, nidan, sandan, yondan, godan, rokudan, nanadan, hachidan, kudan, judan
Yuudansha - Members with dan grades
Iaidoka - Someone who practices iaido

Events

Embu - Demonstration
Keiko - Practice
Taikai - An event with competition
Shinsa - Dan test

Bowing

Shinzen ni rei - Bow to shrine (said by sempai)
Sensei ni rei - Bow to teacher(s)
Mokuso - Close the eyes, meditation (said by sensei)
To Rei - Bow to sword

Iaido Terms

Seiza - Kneeling/sitting
Batto - Standing
Metsuke - Gaze
Sayabiki - Movement of scabbard
Chiburi - Shaking off of blood, cleaning the blade
O-chiburi - Large or circular chiburi
yoko chiburi - Horizontal chiburi, move to the side
Noto - Replacing the blade in the saya
Hayaosame - faster version of regular noto; performed during advanced ("oku") waza
Shimeru - Wringing. Twisting the hands inward over the handle at the end of the cut
Tai sabaki - Body movement
Ashi sabaki - Foot or leg movement
Hara - Abdomen
Kiai - Shout, yell
Ma - Distance, space, interval (in time)
Zanshin - Awareness, watchfulness, "lingering heart"
Waza - Technique
Kata - Structured two person practice; form or pattern
Shidachi - Completing sword. Finishes partner practice
Uchidachi - Entering sword. "Attacker"; in partner practice

 

Waza Forms

SEIZA NO BU

Mae - In front
Migi - Right
Hidari - Left
Ushiro - Behind
Yaegaki - Eightfold fences
Ukenagashi - Deflection
Kaishaku - Seppuku assistant
Tsukekomi - Pursuit
Tsukikage - Moon shadow
Oikaze - Following wind
Nukiuchi - Quick draw

BATTO-HO

Junto sono ichi - Ordered sword #1
Junto sono ni - Ordered sword #2
Tsuigekito - Pursuing sword
Shato - Angular sword
Shihoto sono ichi - 4 directions #1
Shihoto sono ni - 4 directions #2
Zantotsuto - Beheading stroke

TATE HIZA NO BU

Yokogumo - Cloudbank
Toraissoku - Tiger's step
Inazuma - Lighting
Ukigumo - Floating clouds
Oroshi - Mountain winds
Iwanami - Breaking waves
Urokogaeshi - Fish scaling
Namigaeshi - Returning waves
Takiotoshi - Waterfall
Makko - Facing front

OKU NO KATA

Zenteki gyakuto
Tatekito
Koteki gyakuto
Koteki nukiuchi

OKUIAI IWAZA NO BU

Kasumi - Mist
Sunegakoi - Encircled leg
Tozume - Blocked at the door
Towaki - Beneath the doorway
Shihogiri - Four directional cut
Tanashita - Beneath the ledge
Ryozume - Blocked on both sides
Torabashiri - Charging the tiger

ZEN NIPPON IAIDO TOHO
(Zen Nippon Iaidô Renmei)

Maegiri (Eishin ryû)
Zengogiri (Mugai ryû)
Kiriage (Shindô Munen ryû)
Shihôgiri (Sui-ô ryû)
Kissakigaeshi (Hôki ryû)